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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

5 edition of Observations on the floating ice which is found in high northern and southern latitudes found in the catalog.

Observations on the floating ice which is found in high northern and southern latitudes

to which are added experiments on the freezing of sea water

  • 103 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Printed for C. Heydinger ... in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ice -- Antarctica.,
  • Ice -- Arctic regions.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby B. Higgins, M.D.
    SeriesCIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches -- no. 91002
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 microfiche (25 fr.)
    Number of Pages25
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17445926M
    ISBN 100665910029

    Improved satellite observations indicate that the contribution of Antarctica to sea-level rise has increased in recent years, 68 The ice loss is concentrated in West Antarctica where the thinning of floating ice shelves is causing glacier flow to accelerate and grounding lines to retreat, 70 Several Scan questions relate to the need for a Cited by: 1. These regions do not occur at high northern latitudes today (or in the recent geologic past) so they did not experience direct glacial coverage during the Wisconsin glaciation. In fact, few of these regions of high chemical denudation fell in zones of decreased soil moisture 18 ka (compare Figures and ). Thus there is no clear reason to.

    Full text of "A voyage of discovery and research in the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years " See other formats.   “The global gridded SAT data set (Jones et al., ) used most extensively for studies of climate variability has major gaps in the northern high latitudes, in particular over the ice-covered Arctic Ocean and some surrounding land areas.” And;.

    This makes winters at high northern latitudes unusually warm and summers at high northern latitudes unusually cool. Such conditions are ideal for growing ice sheets: the warm winters actually allow for greater amounts of snowfall (since warm winter air holds more moisture than cold winter air), and the cool summers help prevent any accumulated. Other sources of logbooks from commercial, fishing and whaling vessels traversing the Southern Ocean have been largely overlooked. The North American and European whaling industry focused on the Southern Ocean soon after over‐fishing led to the collapse of suitable stocks in the northern high‐latitudes (Tønnessen and Johnsen, ).Author: Praveen R. Teleti, W. G. Rees, Julian A. Dowdeswell, Clive Wilkinson.


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Observations on the floating ice which is found in high northern and southern latitudes Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Observations on the floating ice which is found in high northern and southern latitudes: to which are added experiments on the freezing of sea water.

[Bry Higgins]. January 8, --Additional papers from Hull --Thoughts on the probability, expediency, and utility of discovering a passage by the North Pole --A short account of navigators, who have reached high northern latitudes --Observations on the floating ice, which is found in high northern and southern latitudes --Appendix.

Papers on approaching the. Also in this volume is “The Probability of Reaching the North Pole” (), a tract reporting on the results of the northern voyage of discovery undertaken by Captain C. Phipps, who later became Lord Mulgrave. The report discussed the floating ice found in high northern.

Ice shelves are floating ice sheets and are found mainly around the Antarctic continent (Figure 1).They can range in size up to km 2 and in thickness up to m. Most are fed by ice streams and outlet glaciers, but some are formed by icebergs welded together by sea ice and surface accumulation.

Simulations performed with the climate model LOVECLIM, aided with a simple data assimilation technique that forces a close matching of simulated and observed surface temperature variations, are able to reasonably reproduce the observed changes in the lower atmosphere, sea ice and ocean during the second half of the twentieth century.

Although the Cited by: Soviet and Russian staffed drifting ice stations are research stations built on the ice of the high latitudes of the Arctic are important contributors to exploration of the stations are named North Pole (NP; Russian: Северный полюс, romanized: Severny polyus, СП), followed by an ordinal number: North Pole-1, etc.

A World Without Ice is a fascinating, scary, but informative portrait of Earth's delicate climate balance and the thresholds we are staring across." -Jon Turk, author of The Raven's Gift "The work of Dr.

Pollack and the IPCC in bringing attention to the very serious dangers posed by climate change has been justly praised/5(7). Moreover, HCN ice has been measured in the southern polar cloud observed by de Kok et al.

() with Cassini/VIMS observations. C 6 H 6 ice has. The northern ice cap has a maximum elevation of 3 kilometers above its surroundings but lies within a 5-kilometer-deep hemispheric depression that.

Antarctic sea ice has growing over the last few decades but it certainly is not due to cooling - the Southern Ocean has shown warming over same period. Increasing southern sea ice is due to a combination of complex phenomena including cyclonic winds around Antarctica and changes in ocean circulation.

Ice coring studies have shown that in some cases metabolically active microbes may exist in small liquid water veins in solid glacial ice (Price, ), or organisms may be cryopreserved and metabolically inactive within the ice; viable microbes thousands of years old have been found in ice cores (Doran et al., ).

The Top of the World: Is the North Pole Turning to Water. by John L. Daly "It will without doubt have come to your Lordship's knowledge that a considerable change of climate, inexplicable at present to us, must have taken place in the Circumpolar Regions, by which the severity of the cold that has for centuries past enclosed the seas in the high northern latitudes in an impenetrable.

Start studying The Hydrosphere: Chapter 09 The Cryosphere. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. These cover mountain highlands or low-lying land at high latitudes and generally flow radially outward from their center.

The perennial ice is the portion of the sea ice floating on the surface of. rock under high pressure. gondwanaland. the single southern continent. plate tectonics. hypothesis of crustal structure. the idea of floating continents is hundreds of years old. the antarctic ice sheet holds the underlying rock below sea level.

specific gravity of mantle is about t. when an oceanic plate collides with a. The cryosphere (from the Greek κρύος kryos, "cold", "frost" or "ice" and σφαῖρα sphaira, "globe, ball") is an all-encompassing term for those portions of Earth's surface where water is in solid form, including sea ice, lake ice, river ice, snow cover, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, and frozen ground (which includes permafrost).Thus, there is a wide overlap with the hydrosphere.

Associations between polar air cloud vortices (“polar lows”), as an indicator of intermediate-scale atmospheric activity, and the Antarctic sea ice, are examined for the Southern Hemisphere winter (June–September).

Seven consecutive winters, spanning a period of marked interannual variability of the atmospheric circulation and sea ice (–83), are analyzed using Cited by:   Historic variations in Arctic sea ice is a series that attempts to determine the arctic warming events through the Holocene which commenced some years ago.

Part 1 covered the warm period from approx. to This paper – Part 2 – examines the period of warming with a decade long overlap. system than any other latitude band. The Southern Ocean also absorbs a large amount of the carbon dioxide released by human activities, with about 40% of the total ocean in-ventory of anthropogenic CO 2 found south of 30°S (Figure 3; Sabine et al., ).

The accumulation of anthropogenic CO 2 on the northern side of the Southern Ocean reflects. The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.

As such, it is regarded as the second-smallest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean. Consistent past half-century trends in the atmosphere, the sea ice and the ocean at high southern latitudes. In: Climate Dynamics, Vol.

33, no.p. () Permanent URLCited by:. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.They only form when the temperature drops below – degrees Celsius ( degrees Fahrenheit), whereupon the scant amount of water high in the atmosphere freezes into ice clouds.

This happens most often in countries at high northern and southern latitudes (above 50 degrees) in the summer, when the mesosphere is coldest.Permafrost is soil, rock or sediment that is frozen for more than two consecutive years.

In areas not overlain by ice, it exists beneath a layer of soil, rock or sediment, which freezes and thaws annually and is called the "active layer". In practice, this means that permafrost occurs at an mean annual temperature of −2 °C ( °F) or in: International Permafrost Association.